Nepal, a sandwiched between two giant nations- India to the south, east and west and China to the north, is a tiny but amazing and a diverse country in terms of ethnicity, language, culture, religion and geography or climate. The latest census conducted in the year 2001 records that there are over one hundred castes/ethnic and religious groups and 92 mother tongues in Nepal. It is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its geographical position and attitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point of the earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m with different climatic condition from sub-tropical to the Arctic. These all the features have made Nepal and unique and most loved and one of the best destinations in the world.
Besides aforementioned features, Nepal is the home to the eight of the 14 highest peaks in the earth above 8,000 m, namely Mt. Everest (8,848 m), Mt. Kanchenjunga (8586m), Mt. Lhotse (8516m), Mt. Makalu (8463m), Mt. Cho Oyu (8201m), Mt. Dhaulagiri (8167m), Mt. Manaslu (8163m) and Annapurna (8091m). Similarly, Nepal also has over 1,300 mountains above 6,000 m. all of these majestic mountains can be explored through the well-developed trekking trails and you can have summit or organize any sort of adventurous sport to over 400 peaks. Therefore why, thousands of tourists make it to Nepal every year.
It is therefore why Nepal has something to offer to everyone who wishes to come here. You can simply roam around the plain in the south, hills and mountains in the north or explore the natural varieties, natural diversities, diverse culture, flora and fauna. Similarly, you can have thrilling activities such as trekking, mountaineering, wildlife safari, rafting and having tour and many more. The terraced paddy fields, unique landscapes, favorable climate and weather, warm hospitality of Nepalese peoples, the unique cultures of here, the mountains, rivers, glacial lakes, forests and wild animals, all of these have been the major attractions for travelers in Nepal. well-admiring these features, the world renowned travelers and traveler writers have penned down about Nepal in recognition of the cultural richness, they have given so many titles to this country such as, Shangri-La, cultural museum, roof of the world, birth place of the apostle of peace, country of living goddess, Himalayan pilgrimage, a tiny country of over 100 of ethnic groups the land of mysticism and exoticism, country of non-stop festivals among other. These are the clear and self-explanatory. They tell to the world about the incomparable and prosperous cultural heritage of this country.
Some special features of NEPAL:
Nepal- occupying only 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth, is home to:
2 percent of all the flowering plants in the world
8 percent of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species);
4 percent of mammals on earth
11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
600 indigenous plant families
319 species of exotic orchids.
8 highest peaks above 8,000 m, out of 14 in the world
Nepal in brief:
Location: Between India and the Tibetan autonomous region of the Republic of China
Area: 147,181 square kilometer
Population: 30 million
People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic/caste groups and 92 spoken languages.
Language: Nepali is the national language; people involved in travel and trade understand and speak English as well.
Religion: Nepal is a secular state with predominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.
Political System: Federal Democratic Republic
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons (1) winter: December-February, (2) spring: March-May, (3) summer: June-August, (4) autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited the whole year round